November 29, 2022

NASA will purposefully collide the Dart robot spacecraft with an asteroid to see if the impact can alter its trajectory. The asteroid Dimorphos is the intended target of this test. The spacecraft to collide with it while travel at a speed of four miles per second.

A number of hypotheses that involved utilising an object to alter an asteroid’s course have been advanced in the past. The scientists hope to learn more about the precise impact’s effects from this experiment. They are also experimenting on how space debris will respond in a similar scenario.

According to an article in The Guardian, Professor Alan Fitzsimmons, an astronomer at Queen’s University Belfast, “We know asteroids have hit us in the past.” “These effects are a result of a natural process, and they will manifest themselves in the future. Although the worst of them should be stopped.

We’ve never tested the technology that will be required to do it, and that is the issue. Fitzsimmons, a participant of the Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) mission, stated.

The spacecraft is expected to collide with the asteroid on 27th of September . 

“Dart’s target has been chosen carefully,” said Jay Tate, director of the National Near Earth Objects Information Centre in Knighton, Powys. “Dimorphos actually orbits another, bigger asteroid called Didymos, and the extent of the deflection caused by the crash will be easier to detect as astronomers have been carefully observing its path around the bigger asteroid.”

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